1. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – Allows detailed imaging of soft tissues using powerful magnets and radio waves, without the use of ionizing radiation.
2. Computed Tomography (CT) – Provides detailed cross-sectional images of the body using x-rays and computer processing.
3. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) – Combines functional and anatomical imaging to visualize metabolic processes and detect diseases at an early stage.
4. Ultrasound – Uses sound waves to produce real-time images of internal structures, commonly used in obstetrics and cardiology.
5. Digital Radiography – Replaces traditional film-based radiography with digital sensors, enabling quicker image acquisition, manipulation, and storage.
6. 3D Imaging – Utilizes multiple images or advanced processing techniques to create three-dimensional representations of body structures, aiding in surgical planning and diagnosis.
7. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) – Produces detailed cross-sectional images of tissues using light waves, particularly useful in ophthalmology for imaging the retina.
8. Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) – Measures bone mineral density to assess osteoporosis and fracture risk, using low-dose x-rays.
9. Molecular Imaging – Combines various imaging techniques with molecular probes to visualize and study cellular and molecular processes involved in diseases.
10. Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Medical Imaging – Integrates machine learning and deep learning algorithms to improve image interpretation, automate detection, and enhance diagnostic accuracy.